At Coledale beach on the 27th of February 1966, 14-year-old Bob Myatt witnessed a terrifying yet incredible site. A boy around the same age as him was pulled from the water by surf lifesavers with a 2.5m great white shark's jaws still clamped onto his right leg.

The boy, Raymond Short, had been swimming when the shark grabbed his left thigh then let go. As Ray started swimming to shore, the shark swallowed his leg up to his knee.

Raymond Short was attacked by a shark at Coledale beach in 1966 when he was 13.
Raymond Short was attacked by a shark at Coledale beach in 1966 when he was 13.

And so began Bob's 54-year-long obsession with sharks. As a registered researcher with the Global Shark Attack File (GSAF) which records attacks around the world, he has helped collate an incredible list of every shark attack in Australia since the First Fleet arrived in 1788.

A total of 1399 attacks have been recorded in those 232 years, an average of six a year.

Of those there have been 295 fatalities as of last month when 59-year-old Charles Cernobori from Broome was fatally attacked in shallow water off Cable Beach.

 

Bob Myatt, shark researcher, pictured at Coledale Beach. Picture: Sam Ruttyn
Bob Myatt, shark researcher, pictured at Coledale Beach. Picture: Sam Ruttyn

 

SUBSCRIBER EXCLUSIVE: EVERY AUSSIE SHARK ATTACK IN RECORDED HISTORY

Click here for NSW Interactive Shark Map

Click here for Qld/NT Interactive Shark Map

Click here for SA/WA Interactive Shark Map

Click here for Vic/Tas Interactive Shark Map

In October, Andrew Sharpe, 52, was taken by a shark while surfing with seven friends at Kelp Beds off the coast of Esperance, Western Australia. Just one month prior, 46-year-old Nick Slater died after a great white attacked at Greenmount Beach on the southern end of the Gold Coast. There have been eight fatalities in 2020, the highest number since 1929.

Ray Short was one of 988 survivors. Others are presumed attacks with no body recovered.

Raymond Short, left, with the jaws of the shark that attacked him at Coledale beach in 1966 when he was 13.
Raymond Short, left, with the jaws of the shark that attacked him at Coledale beach in 1966 when he was 13.

"I heard the commotion in the water, we were playing on the beach. They brought him out of the water and the shark was attached to his leg, so they were carrying the boy and the shark, they tried to get the shark jaws lose, they ended up using a bit of timber to prize the jaws open, they put him on the back of a 1959 Holden station wagon and took him up to Coledale hospital," says Myatt, now 68.

The history of Australia's numerous attacks is as fascinating as it is terrifying.

The first recorded attack in Australia in the file was in 1791. "Female, Australian aboriginal, bitten in two" in Port Jackson.

"She was the mother of a boy named Bondel who was orphaned by the attack," he said.

1929 was Australia's worst year on record according to the GSAF with 10 fatalities. Sydney had its very own version of Jaws as a suspected 'rogue shark' killed three in the space of one month.

Gordon and Joe Doniger with the tiger shark which killed their clubmates Norm Girvan and Jack Brinkley
Gordon and Joe Doniger with the tiger shark which killed their clubmates Norm Girvan and Jack Brinkley

On January 8, 1929, John Gibson, 39, was fatally attacked at Bondi Beach, four days later, 14-year- old Colin Stewart died after another attack at Bondi and on February 18, Allan Bucher, 20, was fatally attacked at Maroubra.

"Prior to meshing, these beaches had attacks all the time in Sydney," Bob says. "It could have been the same shark."

As for the most horrific attack on record, Bob recounts the double fatality at Kirra Beach on October 27, 1937. Jack Brinkley, 25, was swimming with Norman Girvan, 18 when a tiger shark attacked both. The attack happened just north of where the latest fatality at Greenmount occurred.

Norman died but Jack was expected to survive after his arm was amputated, but he died the following day.

The 70th anniversary of a shark attack which killed Kirra lifeguards Norm Girvan and Jack Brinkley. The shark caught with human parts in its guts.
The 70th anniversary of a shark attack which killed Kirra lifeguards Norm Girvan and Jack Brinkley. The shark caught with human parts in its guts.

"The shark was an 11-foot tiger shark, when they opened it up it had hands and legs inside it," Bob said.

A newspaper report said the shark was captured and killed shortly after the attack.

"It was a huge deep sea tiger shark and when opened was found to contain parts of a human body thought to be portions of the remains of Girvan. Four portions of limbs were found - two pieces of an arm and two pieces of a leg. The upper portion of the leg was stripped of flesh and the foot had been cut off. The head, trunk and two limbs are still missing."

 

Jack Brinkley (supporting feet) and Norman Girvan (in belt) were victims of the Kirra Beach fatal shark attack in 1937
Jack Brinkley (supporting feet) and Norman Girvan (in belt) were victims of the Kirra Beach fatal shark attack in 1937

Fatal attacks that have occurred in Sydney Harbour are equally chilling.

"There have been 13 fatalities (there), the last fatality in Sydney Harbour was in 1963, Marcia Hathaway, 32, at Sugarloaf Bay," Myatt says.

When the shark attacked, Marcia's fiance, who was beside her, fought the shark with his hands and kicked it as it twisted in the bloodstained water. The shark almost tore off her right leg and she died of shock and blood loss some 20 minutes later.

Marcia Hathaway, actor, killed by a shark in 1963.
Marcia Hathaway, actor, killed by a shark in 1963.

 

Also at Middle Harbour, on January 14, 1960, 13-year-old Ken Murray was practising his diving skills when friends saw the water redden around the boy.

"Theo Brown, a family friend, dived into the water and brought the boy to the shore where his right leg was severed above the knee. He died of blood loss," Myatt says.

New Year's Eve in 1934 brought two attacks: 19-year -old Richard Soden was swimming across the George's River at Moorebank, near Milperra Bridge when he was fatally attacked. Shortly after, at dusk, Bankstown teenager Beryl Morrin, 13, was waist deep washing off mud in the George's River when a shark grabbed one hand and then the other.

Beryl Morrin as a sixteen year old in magazine article dater 14 May 1938. Beryl was attacked by a shark back in the 1930s and had both her hands bitten off.
Beryl Morrin as a sixteen year old in magazine article dater 14 May 1938. Beryl was attacked by a shark back in the 1930s and had both her hands bitten off.

A family friend, Jim Schofield, ran into the water and seized the child above the elbows, squeezing them to slow the flow of blood. Beryl survived the ordeal despite losing both hands.

There had already been three other fatal attacks in NSW in 1934. One at Dee Why in March, one at North Steyne in April and one in Woy Woy earlier in December that year.

Regular attacks continued the preceding two years before the shark meshing program was introduced in 1937 along 18 Sydney beaches, extending from Palm Beach to Cronulla.

Meshing was introduced to the Newcastle (nine beaches) and Illawarra (four beaches) regions in December 1949, following fatal attacks at Newcastle beaches. Nine more beaches were added in 1972, with a further nine beaches in a new region, the Central Coast, added to the program in January 1987. A further two beaches were included in this region from September 1992, bringing the total number of meshed beaches to 51,

Apart from the death of Nick Slater on Tuesday September 8, most recent attacks have occurred outside of meshed beaches and the ones that disturb Bob the most are those where there are no remains.

Gold Coast shark attack victim Nick Slater who died in Sept, 2020.
Gold Coast shark attack victim Nick Slater who died in Sept, 2020.

"When the bodies are not recovered, they have to be the worst, like Christine Armstrong in Tathra, their groups was swimming in the same spot of 14 years from the beach to the wharf when Christine's husband Rob saw a large shark."

The only thing found in the water was some tissue later identified as Christine's.

Rob Armstrong said at the time "the shark was of such a size it has consumed her basically completely so she wouldn't have even known it happened."

Only two piece of wetsuit were found after 52-year-old Andrew Sharpe was seen being dragged off his surfboard by a shark at Kelp Beds beach near Esperance on October 9 earlier this year.

 

 

Christine Armstrong was taken in a shark in Tathra
Christine Armstrong was taken in a shark in Tathra

 

Originally published as Shark attack that turned into a lifelong obsession

Ken Murray, shark attack victim January 16, 1960.
Ken Murray, shark attack victim January 16, 1960.

‘Police ran like a couple of gazelles’ to apprehend man

Premium Content ‘Police ran like a couple of gazelles’ to apprehend man

Two general duties officers showed their fast footwork when they arrested a wanted...

Man arrested after dangerous stolen-car chase across towns

Premium Content Man arrested after dangerous stolen-car chase across towns

The chase went through Ballina, Alstonville, Lismore and Goonellabah.

Blue-green algae blooms to red alert at Tweed

Premium Content Blue-green algae blooms to red alert at Tweed

Council has issued a red alert for blue-green algae following its latest water test...